SEARCH AND WILDFLOWER HOME PAGE    WHITE FLOWERS      CONTACT US



The Brickellia genus was named for Dr. John Brickell, an early American physician and naturalist. (Click for more biographical information about Brickell.)

This is a native species.

Brickellia californica

Brickellia californica

Brickellia californica (California Brickellbush)
Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

Foothills, montane. Rocky areas, shrublands, woodlands. Summer, fall.
Above and left: Chimney Rock National Monument, September 8, 2021.

California Brickellbush grows to 6 feet tall and wide and is shown here as a massive shrub over 4 1/2 feet tall and six feet wide. The size and woody stems quickly separate it from B. grandiflora which typically grows to no more than three feet tall and two feet wide and is a herbaceous perennial.

Drooping flower heads have only disk flowers which are almost hidden by the long and multiple rows of phyllaries. Corollas are a very pale yellow-green and phyllaries are light green and often (as here) purple-tinged.

This species of Brickellia grows from about 6,000' to 9,000' elevation in the Four Corners region and it flowers from July into October.

John Torrey and Asa Gray first named this species Bulbostylis californica in 1841 from a collection made by David Douglas. In 1849 Asa Gray renamed the plant Brickellia californica.

Brickellia californica

Bridkellia californica

Brickellia californica (California Brickellbush)
Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

Foothills, montane. Rocky areas, shrublands, woodlands. Summer, fall.
Chimney Rock National Monument, September 8, 2021.

Brickellia californica is a mass of criss-crossed, woody, and usually hairy stems.

Leaves are alternate, ovate to deltate in shape, tips are acute to rounded, edges are serrate or crenate (sharply or rounded toothed), and glabrous to hairy, often (as shown here) with gland-dotted surfaces (reflecting the sunlight).

 

This is a native species.

Brickellia grandiflora

Brickellia grandiflora
Brickellia grandiflora (Large-flowered Brickellbush, Tasselflower)
Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

Foothills, montane, subalpine. Rocky areas. Summer.
Above and left: West Fork of the Cimarron Trail, Uncompahgre Wilderness, August 22, 2004.

The toothed, triangular leaves and large, rayless, drooping, white/cream/yellow/green flowers of Brickellbush are distinctive.   Brickellbush grows from under a foot tall to over three feet tall and several feet wide with flowers up to two inches long. 

Although Brickellia grandiflora is fairly common, it is frequently overlooked  --  even after you get to know it.  I often find it, not by seeing the plant first, but by becoming aware that I am in its preferred rocky habitat and then looking for it.  Sure enough, I am often standing quite near a Brickellia grandiflora  --  and there are usually a number more quite nearby.

Brickellia grandiflora might be mistaken for Ageratina herbacea, especially because of their shared preference for rocky habitats, their triangular-shaped leaves, and their relatively similar-looking flower heads. Click to read about the differences in the two species.

David Douglas found this plant "between the north and south forks of Lewis' & Clarks' Rivers" in 1826. The plant was named Eupatorium grandiflorum by William Jackson Hooker in his Flora Boreali-Americana in 1834 and Thomas Nuttall renamed it Brickellia grandiflora in 1841.

Brickellia grandiflora

Brickellia grandiflora (Large-flowered Brickellbush, Tasselflower)
Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

Foothills, montane, subalpine. Rocky areas. Summer.
West Fork of the Cimarron Trail, Uncompahgre Wilderness, August 22, 2004.

Leaves of Brickellia grandiflora are numerous and range from 1.5 to 11 cm long and .6 to 6.5 cm wide, considerably larger than those of B. microphylla pictured below. Veins can be prominent, as shown here, or more subdued. Leaf margins are always indented with either rolling scalloped edges (crenate) or more sharply serrate or dentate edges. 

 
Brickellia grandiflora
Brickellia grandiflora (Large-flowered Brickellbush, Tasselflower)
Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

Foothills, montane, subalpine. Rocky areas. Summer.
Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, November 12, 2013.

In late autumn, Brickellia grandiflora sports numerous 4-5 mm dark seeds ready to be carried on the winds by their white pappus hairs.

 

This is a native species.

Brickellia microphylla

Brickellia microphylla variety scabra  (Small-leaf Brickellbush)
Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

Semi-desert. Sandy, rocky areas, woodlands. Summer.
Near Six Shooter Peak, Canyon Lands, Utah, November 15, 2021.

Brickellia microphylla grows to more than two feet tall (as pictured here) with woody stems and masses of small flowers heads, each containing 8-18 disk flowers in a tight, vertical cluster. 

Leaves are oval-to-round-to-heart-shaped and are considerably smaller (only 3-18 mm long and 1-9 mm wide) than those of B. grandiflora.  Leaves pictured here are no more than 9 mm long and 5 mm wide.

Thomas Nuttall discovered this plant for science in the mid-1830s and named it Bulbostylis microphylla. Asa Gray renamed the species Brickellia microphylla in 1852 and then renamed it B. microphylla variety scabra in 1876.

           Brickellia microphylla

                    Brickellia microphylla

Brickellia microphylla

Brickellia microphylla variety scabra (Small-leaf Brickellbush)
Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

Semi-desert. Sandy, rocky areas, woodlands. Summer.
Lower Butler Wash, Utah, October 18, 2009.

The photographs of B. microphylla shown on this page were taken in the fall when flowers were long gone and the plants were yellowing and drying. This year's seed heads are brown; last year's seeds have dropped off and only the white star-burst of the phyllaries surrounding the receptacle remain. Fresh flowers, not shown, are creamy white/yellow.

Leaves are small, numerous, heart-shaped, often with a few small teeth, and the leaves are rough ("scabrous"), the roughness resulting from stiff, pustulate hairs and (sometimes) greatly raised venation.

Range map © John Kartesz,
Floristic Synthesis of North America

State Color Key

Species present in state and native
Species present in state and exotic
Species not present in state

County Color Key

Species present and not rare
Species present and rare
Species extirpated (historic)
Species extinct
Species noxious
Species exotic and present
Native species, but adventive in state
Eradicated
Questionable presence

Brickellia californica

Range map for Brickellia californica

Range map for Brickellia grandiflora

Range map for Brickellia microphylla

   Brickellia microphylla variety scabra 

Range map for Brickellia microphylla variety scabra