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This is a native species.

Celtis reticulata

Celtis reticulata

Celtis reticulata
Celtis reticulata  (Hackberry)
Cannabaceae (Hemp Family) formerly Ulmaceae (Elm Family)

Semi-desert. Canyon bottoms, streamsides, seeps. Spring.
Hovenweep National Monument, Horseshoe Ruin, November 18, 2021 and May 5, 2022.
Left: Hunter Canyon, Utah, May 3, 2005.

In the Four Corners area Hackberry is often a gnarled, stunted tree afflicted with numerous insect leaf-galls.  Hackberry bark usually has numerous small wart-like bumps. The tree is most often found in canyon bottoms near seeps, pour-offs, and streams.

Fruit can occasionally reach unblemished and edible maturity but often is so afflicted by blights that it is not edible. The Ancestral Puebloan (Anasazi) people built their communities on canyon rims near water pour-offs, often above areas where Hackberry grows; they must have enjoyed Hackberry fruit. 

Linnaeus named this species in 1753 using an ancient name assigned by Pliny to a sweet-berry Lotus.  "Reticulata" refers to the network of leaf veins.

Celtis reticulata
Celtis reticulata  (Hackberry)
Cannabaceae (Hemp Family)
formerly Ulmaceae (Elm Family)

Semi-desert. Canyon bottoms, streamsides, seeps. Spring.
Hackberry Anasazi Ruins, Hovenweep National Monument, April 19, 2021.

Leaves and flower buds emerge at about the same time.

Celtis reticulata
Celtis reticulata  (Hackberry)
Cannabaceae (Hemp Family)
formerly Ulmaceae (Elm Family)

Semi-desert. Canyon bottoms, streamsides, seeps. Spring.
Hunter Canyon, Utah, May 3, 2005.

Range map © John Kartesz,
Floristic Synthesis of North America

State Color Key

Species present in state and native
Species present in state and exotic
Species not present in state

County Color Key

Species present and not rare
Species present and rare
Species extirpated (historic)
Species extinct
Species noxious
Species exotic and present
Native species, but adventive in state
Eradicated
Questionable presence

Range map for Celtis reticulata