Please, never pick or attempt to transplant 
Orchids (or any other) wild plant. 

Click to purchase plants from legitimate plant nurseries.
Many Orchids are endangered.
Orchid habitat is very specialized.
Orchid pollination is very specialized.
Orchid germination is very specialized.
Admire them in the wild and let them live.

Also see Corallorhiza maculata, Calypso bulbosa, Epipactis gigantea, Cypripedium calceolus, and White Orchids

This is a native species.
Coeloglossum viride
Coeloglossum viride

Dactylorhiza viridisSynonyms: Coeloglossum viride, Habenaria viridis. (Long-bracted Orchid)
Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)

Blooming information withheld to protect the Orchids.

This unusual and uncommon Orchid is recognized by its long, green, sharply pointed bracts at the base of each flower, a long lower flower lip that has a tip with two prominent lobes and one very small central lobe, and a minute bladder-shaped spur at the base of the lower lip.

The photograph at the top of the page shows a mature plant growing in a moist area ten feet from a stream, whereas the plant at left is young and in a seasonally moist area at the base of a steep slope. 

In the Four Corners area, C. viride is found only in Montezuma and La Plata Counties, Colorado.  The plant is relatively uncommon in the West but is widespread in the north-central and north-eastern United States.

In his Genera Plantarum of 1789, Antoine Jussieu elevated Linnaeus' 1753 genus name, "Orchis", to the name of a family, "Orchideae", what we now call "Orchidaceae". Linnaeus had used the Greek word "orchis", meaning "testicle", because of the shape of the roots of Orchid species.

The species shown here was first named Satyrium viride by Linnaeus in 1753, was renamed Habenaria viridis by Robert Brown in 1813, Carl Hartman assigned the name Coeloglossum viride in 1820.  "Coeloglossum" is from the Greek for "hollow, or sheathed, tongue" and "viride" is Latin for "green". "Dactyl" is Greek for finger, "rhiza" is Greek for root, and combined they refer to the two-to- five-lobed finger-like tubers of this genus.

Coeloglossum viride


Coeloglossum viride

Coeloglossum viride

Dactylorhiza viridisSynonyms: Coeloglossum viride, Habenaria viridis. (Long-bracted Orchid)
Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)

The upper red arrows at left point to the light yellow spurs which are swollen and bladder-like (saccate).

The lower two arrows point to locations at the tip of the elongated lower lip where there is often a short lobe between the two longer lobes. In the two photographs below you can see the central lobe. (The lobes at the tip of the elongated lip are called teeth in some floras.)

Upper flower petals are green but the long lower lip can be white, white-green, or as shown in the last two photographs at left, light yellow-green.

The base of the long lower lip can have tinges of pink or peach.

Range map © John Kartesz,
Floristic Synthesis of North America

State Color Key

Species present in state and native
Species present in state and exotic
Species not present in state

County Color Key

Species present and not rare
Species present and rare
Species extirpated (historic)
Species extinct
Species noxious
Species exotic and present
Native species, but adventive in state
Questionable presence

Range map for Dactylorhiza viridis