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Ephedra cutleri. Synonym: Ephedra viridis var. viscida. (Cutler's Mormon Tea, Cutler's Joint-fir)
Ephedraceae (Ephedra Family)

Semi-desert. Sandy flats.  Spring.
Chaco Canyon National Historic Park, New Mexico, April 11, 2007.

Ephedra viridia
Ephedra cutleri. Synonym: Ephedra viridis var. viscida. (Cutler's Mormon Tea, Cutler's Joint-fir)
Ephedraceae (Ephedra Family)

Semi-desert. Sandy flats. Spring.
Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, April 25, 2009.

This E. cutleri has a heavy load of male spores.

Ephedra viridis

Ephedra viridis

Ephedra viridis

Ephedra viridis

Ephedra viridis (Green Mormon Tea, Green Joint-fir)
Ephedraceae (Ephedra Family)
 

Semi-desert, foothills. Canyons, woodlands, shrublands.  Spring.
Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, April 17, 2012
Cross Canyon, Utah, May 17, 2015
Carpenter Natural Area, Cortez, May 8, 2015
Hidden Valley Trail, Moab, Utah, April 14, 2015.

The top photograph at left shows typical spore production from a male E. viridis, the next photograph shows the bright green, supple new growth of spring, and the final two photographs show female buff-colored cone and then green seed production.

 

Ephedra cutleri
Ephedra cutleri. Synonym: Ephedra viridis variety viscida. (Cutler's Mormon Tea, Cutler's Joint-fir)
Ephedraceae (Ephedra Family)

Semi-desert, foothills. Canyons, woodlands, shrublands.  Spring.
Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, December 8, 2014.

In the Four Corners area, Ephedra viridis almost always grows upright to about 5 feet tall and wide. See the photograph immediately above. However, A Utah Flora and Flora of the Four Corners Region classify Ephedra cutleri as a variety of Ephedra viridis and that plant grows to just a foot or two tall and is rhizomatous, spreading in 10 foot diameter circles. Take your pick, variety or species, it still looks like a pretty cool plant with Willi next to it.