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Viola adunca variety bellidifolia

Viola adunca variety bellidifolia (Alpine Violet)
Violaceae (Violet Family)

Alpine. Meadows, tundra. Summer.
Ridge between Spiller and Helmet Peaks above Echo Basin Road, June 12, 2012
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Viola adunca variety bellidifolia

Viola adunca variety bellidifolia (Alpine Violet)
Violaceae (Violet Family)

Montane, subalpine, alpine.  Woodlands, meadows, tundra.  Spring, summer.
Placer Gulch, July 14, 2011
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White variants are unusual and eye-catching.

Viola adunca variety bellidifolia

Viola adunca variety bellidifolia (Alpine Violet)
Violaceae (Violet Family)

Alpine. Meadows, tundra. Summer.
Ridge between Spiller and Helmet Peaks above Echo Basin Road, June 12, 2012.

James Edward Smith (1759-1828) named this species in 1817 from a specimen collected by Archibald Menzies along the west coast of North America in 1787-1788.  The plant has endured several dozen name changes.  "Adunca" is Latin for "hooked" and probably refers to the spur at the back of the flower. "Bellidifolia" means "beautiful foliage".

Viola adunca variety bellidifolia

Viola adunca variety bellidifolia (Alpine Violet)
Violaceae (Violet Family)

Alpine. Meadows, tundra. Summer.
Ridge between Spiller and Helmet Peaks above Echo Basin Road, June 12, 2012.

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